1. Cringoli G, Rinaldi L, Maurelli MP, Utzinger J. FLOTAC: new multivalent techniques for qualitative and quantitative copromicroscopic diagnosis of parasites in animals and humans. Nat Protoc, 5, 503-15, 2010.


      1. Rinaldi L, Calabria G, Carbone S, Carrella A, Cringoli G. Crenosoma vulpis in dog: first case report in Italy and use of the FLOTAC technique for copromicroscopic diagnosis. Parasitol Res, 101, 1681-1684, 2007.
      2. Rinaldi L, Russo T, Schioppi M, Pennacchio S, Cringoli G. Passalurus ambiguus: new insights into copromicroscopic diagnosis and circadian rhythm of egg excretion. Parasitol Res, 101, 557-561, 2007.
      3. Gaglio G, Cringoli G, Rinaldi L, Brianti E, Giannetto S. Use of the FLOTAC technique for the diagnosis of Aelurostrongylus abstrusus in the cat. Parasitol Res, 103, 1055-1057, 2008.
      4. Traversa D, Avolio S, Modrý D, Otranto D, Iorio R, Aroch I, Cringoli G, Milillo P, Albrechtová K, Mihalca AD, Lavy E. Copromicroscopic and molecular assays for the detection of cancer-causing parasitic nematode Spirocerca lupi. Vet Parasitol, 157(1-2):108-16, 2008.
      5. Levecke B, De Wilde N, Vandenhoute E, Vercruysse J. Field validity and feasibility of four techniques for the detection of Trichuris in simians: a model for monitoring drug efficacy in public health? PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 3, e366, 2009.
      6. Bauer BU, Pomroy WE, Gueydon J, Gannac S, Scott I, Pfister K. Comparison of the FLOTAC technique with the McMaster method and the Baermann technique to determine counts of Dictyocaulus eckerti L1 and strongylid eggs in faeces of red deer (Cervus elaphus). Parasitol Res, 107, 555-560, 2010.
      7. Rinaldi L, Maurelli MP, Musella V, Santaniello A, Coles GC, Cringoli G. FLOTAC: an improved method for diagnosis of lungworm infections in sheep. Vet Parasitol, 169, 395-398, 2010.
      8. Duthaler U, Rinaldi L, Maurelli MP, Vargas M, Utzinger J, Cringoli G, Keiser J. Fasciola hepatica: Comparison of the sedimentation and FLOTAC techniques for the detection and quantification of faecal egg counts in rats. Exp Parasitol, 126, 161-166, 2010.
      9. Levecke B, Rinaldi L, Charlier J, Maurelli MP, Morgoglione ME, Vercruysse J, Cringoli G. Monitoring drug efficacy against gastrointestinal nematodes when faecal egg counts are low: do the analytic sensitivity and the formula matter? Parasitol Res, 109, 953–957, 2011.
      10. Schnyder M, Maurelli MP, Morgoglione ME, Kohler L, Deplazes P, Torgerson P, Cringoli G, Rinaldi L. Comparison of faecal techniques including FLOTAC for copromicroscopic detection of first stage larvae of Angiostrongylus vasorum. Parasitol Res, 109, 63-69, 2011.
      11. Rinaldi L, Coles GC, Maurelli MP, Musella V, Cringoli G. Calibration and diagnostic accuracy of simple flotation, McMaster and FLOTAC for parasite egg counts in sheep. Vet Parasitol, 177 (3-4):345-352, 2011.
      12. Cringoli G, Rinaldi L, Maurelli MP, Morgoglione ME, Musella V, Utzinger J. Ancylostoma caninum: Calibration and comparison of diagnostic accuracy of flotation in tube, McMaster and FLOTAC in faecal samples of dogs. Exp Parasitol, 128, 32-37, 2011.
      13. Rinaldi L, Mihalca AD, Cirillo R, Maurelli MP, Montesano M, Capasso M, Cringoli G. FLOTAC can detect parasitic and pseudoparasitic elements in reptiles. Exp Parasitol, 130, 282-284, 2012.
      14. Levecke B, Rinaldi L, Charlier J, Maurelli MP, Bosco A, Vercruysse J, Cringoli The bias, accuracy and precision of faecal egg count reduction test results in cattle using McMaster, Cornell-Wisconsin and FLOTAC egg counting methods. Vet Parasitol, 188, 194-9, 2012.
      15. d'Ovidio D, Rinaldi L, Ianniello D, Donnelly TM, Pepe P, Capasso M, Cringoli G. FLOTAC for diagnosis of endo-parasites in pet squirrels in southern Italy. Vet Parasitol, 200(1-2):221-4, 2013.
      16. Sindberg D, Nissen S, Anh NT, Johansen MV. Evaluation of four coproscopic techniques for detection of small trematode eggs in dog faeces. Vet Parasitol, 195(1-2):192-7, 2013.
      17. Schovancová K, Pomajbíková K, Procházka P, Modrý D, Bolechová P, Petrzelková KJ. Preliminary insights into the impact of dietary starch on the ciliate, Neobalantidium coli, in captive chimpanzees. PLoS One, 8(11):e81374, 2013.
      18. Dipineto L, Rinaldi L, Bosco A, Russo TP, Fioretti A, Cringoli G. Co-infection by Escherichia coli O157 and gastrointestinal strongyles in sheep. Vet J, 197(3):884-5, 2013.
      19. Schovancová K, Pomajbíková K, Procházka P, Modrý D, Bolechová P, Petrzelková KJ. Preliminary insights into the impact of dietary starch on the ciliate, Neobalantidium coli, in captive chimpanzees. PLoS One, 8(11):e81374, 2013.
      20. d'Ovidio D, Pepe P, Ianniello D, Noviello E, Quinton JF, Cringoli G, Rinaldi L. First survey of endoparasites in pet ferrets in Italy. Vet Parasitol, 203(1-2):227-30, 2014.
      21. Maesano G, Capasso M, Ianniello D, Cringoli G, Rinaldi L. Parasitic infections detected by FLOTAC in zoo mammals from Warsaw, Poland. Acta Parasitol,59(2):343-53, 2014.
      22. Růzicová M, Petrzelková KJ, Kalousová B, Modrý D, Pomajbíková K. Validation of FLOTAC for the detection and quantification of Troglodytella abrassarti and Neobalantidium coli in chimpanzees and pigs. J Parasitol, 100(5):662-70, 2014.
      23. Kochanowski M, Karamon J, Dąbrowska J, Cencek T. Experimental estimation of the efficacy of the FLOTAC basic technique. J Parasitol, 100(5):633-9, 2014.
      24. Salvador RT, Abalos RP, Ruba AM, Mingala CN. A comparison of FLOTAC and CFF techniques in detecting gastrointestinal parasites in water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Ann Parasitol, 60(2):119-25, 2014.
      25. Bosco A, Rinaldi L, Maurelli MP, Musella V, Coles GC, Cringoli G.The comparison of FLOTAC, FECPAK and McMaster techniques for nematode egg counts in cattle. Acta Parasitol, 59(4):625-8, 2014.
      26. Rinaldi L, Cortese L, Meomartino L, Pagano TB, Pepe P, Cringoli G, Papparella S. Angiostrongylus vasorum: epidemiological, clinical and histopathological insights. BMC Vet Res, 10:236, 2014.
      27. das Neves JH, Carvalho N, Rinaldi L, Cringoli G, Amarante AF. Diagnosis of anthelmintic resistance in cattle in Brazil: a comparison of different methodologies. Vet Parasitol, 206(3-4):216-26, 2014.
      28. Del Prete L, Maurelli MP, Pennacchio S, Bosco A, Musella V, Ciuca L, Cringoli G, Rinaldi L. Dirofilaria immitis and Angiostrongylus vasorum: the contemporaneous detection in kennels. BMC Vet Res, 11:305, 2015.
      29. d'Ovidio D, Noviello E, Pepe P, Del Prete L, Cringoli G, Rinaldi L. Survey of Hymenolepis spp. in pet rodents in Italy. Parasitol Res, 114(12):4381-4, 2015.
      30. Snyder PW, Hogg JT, Ezenwa VO. Comparison of modified FLOTAC and Baermann techniques for quantifying lungworm larvae in free-ranging bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) Feces, Montana, Usa. J Wildl Dis, 51(4):843-8, 2015.
      31. d'Ovidio D, Noviello E, Ianniello D, Cringoli G, Rinaldi L. Survey of endoparasites in pet guinea pigs in Italy. Parasitol Res, 114(3):1213-6, 2015.
      32. Ramos RA, Lima VF, Monteiro MF, Santana Mde A, Lepold R, Faustino MA, Rinaldi L, Cringoli G, Alves LC. New insights into diagnosis of Platynosomum fastosum (Trematoda: Dicrocoeliidae) in cats. Parasitol Res, 115(2):479-82, 2016.
      33. Monteiro MF, Ramos RA, Calado AM, Lima VF, Ramos IC, Tenório RF, Faustino MA, Alves LC. Gastrointestinal parasites of cats in Brazil: frequency and zoonotic risk. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet, 25(2):254-7, 2016.
      34. Wright I, Stafford K, Coles G. The prevalence of intestinal nematodes in cats and dogs from Lancashire, north-west England. J Small Anim Pract, 57(8):393-5,
      35. Lima VF, Ramos RA, Lepold R, Cringoli G, Rinaldi L, Faustino MA, Alves LC. Use of the FLOTAC technique to diagnosing parasites of the urinary tract of dogs. Parasitol Res, 115(4):1737-9, 2016.
      36. d'Ovidio D, Pantchev N, Noviello E, Del Prete L, Maurelli MP, Cringoli G, Rinaldi L. Survey of Baylisascaris spp. in captive striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis) in some European areas. Parasitol Res, 116(2):483-486, 2017.
      37. Alvarado-Villalobos MA, Cringoli G, Maurelli MP, Cambou A, Rinaldi L, Barbachano- Guerrero A, Guevara R, Chapman CA, Serio-Silva JC. Flotation techniques (FLOTAC and mini-FLOTAC) for detecting gastrointestinal parasites in howler monkeys. Parasit Vectors, 10(1):586, 2017.
      38. Jiz II MAL, Mingala CN, Lopez IFM, Chua M, Gabonada FG Jr, Acosta LP, Wu H, Kurtis JD. A field trial of recombinant Schistosoma japonicum paramyosin as a potential vaccine in naturally-infected water buffaloes. Ann Parasitol, 2016;62(4):295-299.
      39. Olivieri E, Zanzani SA, Gazzonis AL, Giudice C, Brambilla P, Alberti I, Romussi S, Lombardo R, Mortellaro CM, Banco B, Vanzulli FM, Veronesi F, Manfredi MT. Angiostrongylus vasorum infection in dogs from a cardiopulmonary dirofilariosis endemic area of Northwestern Italy: a case study and a retrospective data analysis.BMC Vet Res, 13(1):165, 2017.
      40. Ramos ICDN, Ramos RADN, Lima VFS, Giannelli A, López IYT, Alves LC. Applicability of FLOTAC® technique in recovering equine strongyle larvae in the pasture: A comparison study. Vet Parasitol, 250:68-70, 2018.
      41. Maurelli MP, Bosco A, Pepe P, Ianniello D, Amadesi A, Cringoli G, Rinaldi L. Innovative tools for the diagnosis of Echinococcus granulosus in definitive hosts. Parasitol Res, 117(8):2607-2612, 2018.
      42. Castagna F, Musella V, Esposito L, Poerio A, Rinaldi L, Bosco A, Cringoli G, Britti D.  Helminths of Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) in the Calabrian Region of Southern Italy. J Wildl Dis., 55(2):416-420, 2019.
      43. Santana Lima VF, Rocha PA, Dias Silva MA, Beltrão-Mendes R, Ramos RAN, Giannelli A, Rinaldi L, Cringoli G, Estrela PC, Alves LC. Survey on helminths and protozoa of free-living Neotropical bats from Northeastern Brazil. Acta Trop, 185:267-272, 2018.
      44. Dipineto L, Raia P, Varriale L, Borrelli L, Botta V, Serio C, Capasso M, Rinaldi L. Bacteria and parasites in Podarcis sicula and P. sicula klemmerii. BMC Vet Res, 14(1):392, 2018.
      45. Pepe P, Ianniello D, Alves LC, Morgoglione ME, Maurelli MP, Bosco A, Cringoli G, Rinaldi L. Comparative cost-effectiveness of immunoassays and FLOTAC for diagnosing Giardia spp. infection in dogs. Parasit Vectors, 12(1):158, 2019. 
      46. do Nascimento Ramos IC, Ramos RAN, Giannelli A, Lima VFS, Cringoli G, Rinaldi L, de Carvalho GA, Alves LC. An Additional Asset for the FLOTAC Technique: Detection of Gastrointestinal Parasites in Vegetables. Acta Parasitol., 64(2):423-425, 2019. 
      47. Scala A, Tamponi C, Dessì G, Sedda G, Sanna G, Carta S, Corda A, Jacquiet P, Varcasia A, Ligios C. Dicrocoeliosis in extensive sheep farms: a survey. Parasit Vectors., 12(1):342, 2019.
      48. Pace A, Rinaldi L, Ianniello D, Borrelli L, Cringoli G, Fioretti A, Hochscheid S, Dipineto L. Gastrointestinal investigation of parasites and Enterobacteriaceae in loggerhead sea turtles from Italian coasts. BMC Vet Res,15(1):370, 2019. 
      49. Castagna F, Palma E, Cringoli G, Bosco A, Nisticò N, Caligiuri G, Britti D, Musella V. Use of Complementary Natural Feed for Gastrointestinal Nematodes Control in Sheep: Effectiveness and Benefits for Animals. Animals, 9(12):1037, 2019.


      1. Utzinger J., Rinaldi L., Lohourignon L.K., Rohner F., Zimmermann M.B., Tschannen A.B., N'goran E.K., Cringoli G. FLOTAC: a new sensitive technique for the diagnosis of hookworm infections in humans. Trans R Soc of Trop Med Hyg 102, 84-90, 2008.
      2. Knopp S., Rinaldi L., Khamis I.S., Stothard J.R., Rollinson D., Maurelli M.P., Steinmann P., Marti H., Cringoli G., Utzinger J. A single FLOTAC is more sensitive than triplicate Kato-Katz for the diagnosis of low-intensity soil-transmitted helminth infections. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, 103, 347-54, 2009.
      3. Knopp S, Glinz D, Rinaldi L, Mohammed KA, N'goran EK, Stothard JR, Marti H, Cringoli G, Rollinson D, Utzinger J. FLOTAC: A promising technique for detecting helminth eggs in human faeces. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, 103, 1190-94, 2009.
      4. Glinz D, Silué KD, Knopp S, Lohourignon LK, Yao KP, Steinmann P, Rinaldi L, Cringoli G, N'Goran EK, Utzinger J. Comparing diagnostic accuracy of Kato-Katz, Koga agar plate, ether-concentration, and FLOTAC for Schistosoma mansoni and soil-transmitted helminths. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 4, e754, 2010.
      5. Speich B, Knopp S, Mohammed KA, Khamis IS, Rinaldi L, Cringoli G, Rollinson D, Utzinger J. Comparative cost assessment of the Kato-Katz and FLOTAC techniques for soil-transmitted helminth diagnosis in epidemiological surveys. Parasit Vectors, 3, 71, 2010.
      6. Jeandron A, Abdyldaieva G, Usubalieva J, Ensink JH, Cox J, Matthys B, Rinaldi L, Cringoli G, Utzinger J. Accuracy of the Kato-Katz, adhesive tape and FLOTAC techniques for helminth diagnosis among children in Kyrgyzstan. Acta Trop, 116, 185-192, 2010.
      7. Gualdieri L, Rinaldi L, Petrullo L, Morgoglione ME, Maurelli MP, Musella V, Piemonte M, Caravano L, Coppola MG, Cringoli G., Intestinal parasites in immigrants in the city of Naples (southern Italy). Acta Trop, 117, 196-201, 2011.
      8. Becker SL, Lohourignon LK, Speich B, Rinaldi L, Knopp S, N'goran EK, Cringoli G, Utzinger J. Comparison of the flotac-400 dual technique and the formalin-ether concentration technique for diagnosis of human intestinal protozoon infection. J Clin Microbiol, 49, 2183-2190, 2011.
      9. Knopp S, Speich B, Hattendorf J, Rinaldi L, Mohammed KA, Khamis IS, Mohammed AS, Albonico M, Rollinson D, Marti H, Cringoli G, Utzinger J. Diagnostic Accuracy of Kato-Katz and FLOTAC for Assessing Anthelmintic Drug Efficacy. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 5, e1036, 2011.
      10. Jeandron A, Rinaldi L, Abdyldaieva G, Usubalieva J, Steinmann P, Cringoli G, Utzinger J. Human infections with Dicrocoelium dendriticum in Kyrgyzstan: The tip of the Iceberg? J Parasitol, 97, 1170-1172, 2011.
      11. Habtamu K, Degarege A, Ye-Ebiyo Y, Erko B. Comparison of the Kato-Katz and FLOTAC techniques for the diagnosis of soil-transmitted helminth infections. Parasitol Int, 60(4):398-402, 2011.
      12. Steinmann P, Cringoli G, Bruschi F, Matthys B, Lohourignon LK, Castagna B, Maurelli MP, Morgoglione ME, Utzinger J, Rinaldi L. FLOTAC for the diagnosis of Hymenolepis infection: proof-of-concept and comparing diagnostic accuracy with other methods. Parasitol Res, 111, 749-754, 2012.
      13. Albonico M, Rinaldi L, Sciascia S., Morgoglione M.E., Piemonte M., Maurelli M. P., Musella  V., Utzinger J., Ali S. M., Ame S. M., Cringoli G. Comparison of different copromicroscopic methods to assess albendazole efficacy against soil-transmitted helminth infections. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, 107(8):493-501, 2013.
      14. Fortunato S, Castagna B, Monteleone MR, Pierro R, Cringoli G, Bruschi F. Parasite prevalence in a village in Burkina Faso: the contribution of new techniques. J Infect Dev Ctries, 8(5):670-5, 2014.
      15. Jeandron A, Ensink JH, Thamsborg SM, Dalsgaard A, Sengupta ME. A quantitative assessment method for Ascaris eggs on hands. PLoS One, 9(5):e96731, 2014.
      16. Knopp S, Salim N, Schindler T, Karagiannis Voules DA, Rothen J, Lweno O, Mohammed AS, Singo R, Benninghoff M, Nsojo AA, Genton B, Daubenberger C. Diagnostic accuracy of Kato-Katz, FLOTAC, Baermann, and PCR methods for the detection of light-intensity hookworm and Strongyloides stercoralis infections in Tanzania. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 90(3):535-45, 2014.
      17. Nikolay B, Brooker SJ, Pullan RL. Sensitivity of diagnostic tests for human soil-transmitted helminth infections: a meta-analysis in the absence of a true gold standard. Int J Parasitol, 44(11):765-74, 2014.
      18. Steinmann P, Rinaldi L, Cringoli G, Du ZW, Marti H, Jiang JY, Zhou H, Zhou XN, Utzinger J. Morphological diversity of Trichuris eggs observed during an anthelminthic drug trial in Yunnan, China, and relative performance of parasitologic diagnostic tools. Acta Trop, 141(Pt B):184-9, 2015.
      19. Gualdieri L, Piemonte M, Alfano S, Maffei R, Della Pepa ME, Rinaldi L, Galdiero M, Galdiero M, Cringoli G. Immigrants living in an urban milieu with sanitation in Southern Italy: persistence and transmission of intestinal parasites. Parasitol Res, 115(3):1315-23, 2016.
      20. Said K, Hella J, Knopp S, Nassoro T, Shija N, Aziz F, Mhimbira F, Schindler C, Mwingira U, Mandalakas AM, Manji K, Tanner M, Utzinger J, Fenner L. Schistosoma, other helminth infections, and associated risk factors in preschool-aged children in urban Tanzania. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 11(11):e0006017, 2017.
      21. Mhimbira F, Hella J, Said K, Kamwela L, Sasamalo M, Maroa T, Chiryamkubi M, Mhalu G, Schindler C, Reither K, Knopp S, Utzinger J, Gagneux S, Fenner L. Prevalence and clinical relevance of helminth co-infections among tuberculosis patients in urban Tanzania. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 11(2):e0005342, 2017.
      22. Cociancic P, Rinaldi L, Zonta ML, Navone GT. Formalin-ethyl acetate concentration, FLOTAC Pellet and anal swab techniques for the diagnosis of intestinal parasites. Parasitol Res, 117(11):3567-3573, 2018.
      23. Panti-May JA, Zonta ML, Cociancic P, Barrientos-Medina RC, Machain-Williams C, Robles MR, Hernández-Betancourt SF. Occurrence of intestinal parasites in Mayan children from Yucatán, Mexico. Acta Trop., 195:58-61, 2019.